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Regen Failure: Why It Happens and How to Avoid It

First, what is a DPF regen?

A DPF regen, or regeneration, happens when the DPF burns the accumulated soot off its face to prevent clogging. Your commercial truck can carry out either passive DPF regens or active regens.

The most common form is passive regeneration. This occurs while the truck is in motion when the heat of the exhaust burns the soot off the DPF. On the other hand, active regeneration occurs when the exhaust isn’t quite hot enough to remove the accumulated soot. When this happens, the engine injects a tiny bit of fuel into the exhaust stream to increase temperatures. The increased heat is usually enough to burn away the soot and fuel.

If both passive and active regens fail, and the DPF filter is in danger of clogging, the system will initiate a forced DPF regen. The driver will need to pull over while it happens. This can result in inconvenient downtime, which is frustrating and can interfere with your schedule. However, the alternative is risking serious damage to your DPF and engine, or your truck going into limp mode.

What are common Causes of DPF Regen Failure?

The gauges on your dashboard instrument cluster and your check engine light are helpful indicators of potential problems. These are some of the most common causes behind DPF regen failure.

Malfunctioning hydrocarbon doser.

The hydrocarbon doser injects a tiny amount of diesel into the exhaust during active or forced regens. This creates enough heat to burn the accumulated soot off the DPF filter. A blocked doser can prevent the temperature increase necessary for an effective regen.

Turbocharger Issues

The turbo pushes compressed air into the engine’s combustion chamber. This increases the power and fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines. For regeneration to start, the turbocharger needs to build enough heat to trigger the process. A faulty turbocharger can prevent regens and eventually cause a DPF failure.

A Clogged DPF

Over time, DPF filters can become clogged with soot and ash and require professional cleaning. A prematurely clogged DPF normally means the filter isn’t getting hot enough to burn the soot off during regular regens. It’s important to deal with this quickly, or the pressure buildup can crack the DPF. Common indicators of a clogged DPF filter are unusually frequent forced regens and unusually long ones. A standard forced regen is under 40 minutes; if yours typically last for an hour or more, this may indicate an issue.

A Blocked DOC

The diesel oxidation catalyst is the first filter in the aftertreatment system. It contains a precious metal catalyst to oxidize hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and unburned particles of fuel and oil in the exhaust stream. If the DOC’s inlet face gets clogged with an excessive buildup of carbon, this can create backpressure and restrict the exhaust flow into the DPF.

Malfunctioning temperature sensors

The temperature sensors, spread through the aftertreatment system, measure the exhaust going into and out of each filter. The first sensor is in the DOC and the last is after the SCR. The sensor’s readings measure how well the system is working, and a faulty sensor can interfere with the regen process.

Faulty DPF pressure sensor

This sensor monitors the soot levels on either side of the DPF filter, measuring the pressure drop and sending differential pressure readings to the ECU. If the sensor is faulty, it can provide the ECU with false data and trigger unnecessary regens.

EGR fault codes

The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system returns some of the exhaust gas to the engine’s combustion cylinders. The EGR controls the temperature and reduces NOx emissions. However, the aftertreatment system relies on the EGR and relevant fault codes will prevent the DPF from regenerating.

Engine Fault Codes

The engine and aftertreatment system are symbiotic. An issue with the engine can prevent DPF regens and cause issues with your emissions control system. Engine fault codes linked to emissions control, temperature and several other issues can prevent DPF regeneration.

What to do about Regen Failure?

Regen failure can have many underlying causes. If it becomes a problem, it’s always best to take your truck into the repair shop for professional maintenance. Catching a small issue early can stop it from snowballing into a major problem—the kind that requires expensive repairs and extensive downtime further down the line.

How can Roadwarrior help?

Take your truck to a repair shop if you encounter regen failureIf you’re spending hours pulled over with Freightliner regen problems or experiencing endless forced regens with your Mack Truck, Roadwarrior is here to help!

We have the largest catalogue of direct-fit aftertreatment parts of any aftermarket dealer. Our catalogue covers a huge range of OEMs including Volvo, Paccar, Detroit Diesel and Cummins.

To keep hard-working machinery operators from being held up by DPF regen problems, we also provide replacement parts for busses and construction equipment. Order online or ask your distributor about Roadwarrior. We can deliver genuine Metalcor® parts to your site in 1-2 days.

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Better Coating, Better Performance.

Roadwarrior is the only manufacturer to use Metalcor® catalyst technology across its entire range of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOCs) and Selective Catalytic Reduction catalysts (SCRs). Metalcor® catalysts feature high activity catalyst coatings fused to thinner, stronger, catalyst substrates to guarantee maximum performance under the harshest conditions.

Metalcor® catalyst coatings are designed and produced in our own labs. We then inspect each unit to ensure you get more fuel efficiency, lower consumption of DEF, and long term performance from your heavy duty engine!

Roadwarrior Has You Covered!

All Roadwarrior parts include a full value 1-year warranty. To make the process hassle-free, our parts have a metal nameplate with the serial number, so even after 500,000 miles of service, it’s still easy to identify. This avoids the common problem of serial numbers printed on stickers that burn off after the first start-up, making them impossible to return. Our failsafe system allows us to work in your interests, honouring claims for on-road and off-road replacements, and giving you peace of mind.

And since Roadwarrior parts are designed to meet or exceed OEM specifications, you can rest easy knowing our direct fit parts will take the problems out of your aftertreatment without interfering with your OEM warranty.

Next Day Is Nice, Same Day is Better!​

A faulty emissions control system can cost you thousands in wasted man-hours as your heavy equipment sits in the shop awaiting a new part. Whether it’s a truck behind on orders, a bus that can’t take passengers, or heavy machinery delaying construction deadlines, Roadwarrior can get you moving again! 

Roadwarrior has twelve warehouses across the U.S.A. and Canada, which can deliver the most popular aftertreatment parts in 1-2 days. With over 1,000 DPFs, DOCs and SCRs on offer, Roadwarrior offers the largest aftertreatment catalogue.

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